Are Seizures Common in Beagles: Causes, Signs & Treatments

Are Seizures Common In Beagles

People ask are seizures common in beagles? If you need an answer then you are in the right place, because in this post we will answer the question are seizures common in beagles?

Are seizures common in beagles?

Yes, seizures are common in beagles even though Beagles will be at least 2 years old when they suffer from their first attack, although medication and treatment can lessen the severity and rate of occurrence.

Seizures in beagles can range from mild to severe and will outwardly affect how the beagle behaves.

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What is a seizure in beagles?

A seizure in Beagles is a health condition in beagles where there is a sudden loss of consciousness.

These events are commonly described as an emotional outburst or an aura of emotional expression, as opposed to a physical seizure where there is a loss of muscle control in beagles.

The term “epilepsy” is used to describe seizures, and it is the formal term used to describe the group of conditions where the symptoms of seizures occur.

Also known as epilepsy or temporal lobe epilepsy, seizures are one of the leading causes of disability among beagle puppies and adult beagles.

A seizure can cause disturbances in communication, movement, sight, sound, emotions, and consciousness in beagles. See how beagles act.

Epilepsy occurs when brain cells continue to misfire. Sometimes a burst of electrical impulses, known as a seizure, occurs when these faulty signals go uncontrolled.

Note that seizure is a symptom of illness in beagles. Therefore, when a Beagle has a seizure, his body is reacting due to a health condition or a disease.

Causes of Seizures in beagles

Common causes for seizures in beagles include illnesses such as;

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Liver problems
  • Epilepsy
  • Encephalitis
  • Brain cancer
  • Strokes
  • Anemia
  • Poison
  • Kidney disease
  • Heart Worm Infestation
  • Reactions to a vaccine

Read more: The Best Way To Potty Train A Beagle Puppy.

What is epilepsy in Beagles?

Epilepsy in beagles is an unexplained brain disorder that causes recurring seizures in beagles.

Most beagles with epilepsy have no idea that they have the disorder.

They will usually first experience symptoms in puppy stages or adolescence, which typically include the following.

  • Seizures
  • convulsions
  • Loss of coordination
  • Seizures with muscle jerking and movement
  • focal deficits

It is thought that the brain controls basic functions such as movement, taste, memory, movement, vision, and sleep in Beagles.

Therefore, when these functions are disrupted, seizures result.

Although the exact cause of epilepsy in beagles is not fully known, it is believed to be caused by problems in brain wiring.

The brain may connect two or more signals at the wrong time or cause abnormal nerve cell connections.

Types Of Seizures In Beagles

  • Cluster seizures
  • Status epilepticus
  • Complex partial seizures
  • Partial seizures
  • Generalized seizures

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Symptoms Of Seizures in Beagles

Symptoms Of Seizures In Beagles
Symptoms Of Seizures In Beagles

The first sign of epilepsy in beagles is a seizure and these seizures come in a variety of forms.

They can include:

  • Convulsions
  • spasms
  • visual disturbances
  • losing the ability to move
  • motor disorders
  • memory loss
  • sleep disorders

At the time of seizure, beagles with epilepsy are often confused and disoriented and may have a sense of being out of control.

Seizures in beagles may also occur in other areas of the brain as a result of nerve cell or brain damage.

Epilepsy affects about 1 percent of the Beagle population and can always be fixed.

Common causes of epilepsy in Beagles

Some diseases may cause epilepsy in beagles, or these may be the most common causes. These include:

Hypoglycemia: This is a common condition in most dogs not just beagles. Usually, it occurs when glucose levels become too low or too high. The condition is very similar to diabetes in humans.

Toxic or infectious agents: Certain bacterial and viral infections may cause seizures in most beagles and other dogs.

Liver diseases: Seizures may be due to liver diseases such as hepatic encephalopathy. This condition can occur when part of the liver becomes injured or diseased.

Seizures in beagles can also be caused by a range of other neurological conditions. These include:

Exercise-induced seizures: These seizures occur in beagles when the brain is overwhelmed by exercise.

It is possible for dogs to develop this form of epilepsy due to an inherited gene mutation.

Affected by trauma: These seizures occur in beagles after a traumatic event in which the brain is injured.

A drug overdose: Seizures may occur after the dog has ingested certain types of medication.

Let’s now talk about seizures in other dogs not only in Beagles.

Seizures in dogs

Seizures may occur as part of epilepsy, or they may be caused by other conditions.

The seizures typically occur during sleep. The dog may be snoring or foaming at the mouth during the seizure.

Common causes of epilepsy in dogs:


Hypoglycemia, sometimes called low blood sugar, occurs when the level of glucose in the blood is too low. This can be due to the following:

  • When the levels of glucose in the dog’s bloodstream drop too low
  • when the levels of glucose in the dog’s liver fall too low
  • when insulin is not released in enough amounts
  • when blood sugar levels are too high because of too little insulin

Dogs can have seizures if their blood glucose level is too low. That is also to say that a dog with hypoglycemia may have seizures.

The seizures occur during sleep when the dog’s blood glucose level is too low.

They may start suddenly and may cause the dog to abruptly drop to the ground, lose consciousness, and shake violently. This is called status epilepticus.

Low blood glucose levels can occur if the dog has:

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • hyperglycemia
  • liver disease
  • erythropoietic protoporphyria
  • diabetic ketoacidosis
  • exercise-induced hypoglycemia
  • obesity

Note that occasionally, hyperthyroidism can cause hypoglycemia, and cats can have hyperglycemia because of diabetes.

Also check out How To Take Good Care Of A Beagle: Best 14 Ways.

Beagle Diet (Are Seizures Common In Beagles?)

In many cases, dogs do not have symptoms of hypoglycemia until their blood glucose levels become too low.

In the absence of symptoms, it is important to monitor the dog’s glucose level.

Insulin injections can be given to treat hypoglycemia in beagles.

Insulin injections may be painful in Beagles.

If your beagle has any symptoms of hypoglycemia, it is important to see a veterinarian as soon as possible.

Sometimes, beagles with hypoglycemia have no symptoms at all. If this happens, the beagle can go on to develop seizures.

Possible complications of hypoglycemia in Beagles

If your beagle is on a diet and has hypoglycemia, this may lead to weight loss.

Weight loss can lead to issues with blood sugar levels, which may make it more difficult to treat seizures.


Beagles with diabetes are more susceptible to dehydration.

Dehydration can cause hypoglycemia and seizures in beagles as well.

If your beagle is not drinking enough water, the beagle may be lethargic and refuse to eat. This can make it difficult to diagnose hypoglycemia.

If your beagle has the following signs of dehydration, contact a veterinarian immediately:

  • Severe thirst
  • difficulty urinating
  • weak or rapid pulse
  • very weak or unstable gait
  • rapid breathing
  • irregular heartbeat
  • weak and rapid pulse

Treating hypoglycemia In Beagles

Diagnosing hypoglycemia can be difficult. Usually, the veterinarian will examine the blood glucose levels.

Some breeds, such as the Doberman pinscher, beagles, and German shepherd, are more prone to hypoglycemia than other breeds.

The first step in treating hypoglycemia is to monitor the beagle’s blood glucose level for an extended period of time.

The goal is to get the beagle’s glucose levels back to normal. If the beagle’s glucose levels continue to drop, then the dog may need insulin.

How to treat hypoglycemia in Beagles

Treating hypoglycemia is often successful. Veterinarians will give the beagle antidiabetic treatment. The treatment involves injections of insulin.

The medication has to be injected into a vein. The treatment usually lasts for several days, but it can be longer if the beagle needs multiple doses.

If the beagle has taken antidiabetic treatment, the next step is to gradually increase the dosage of the drug.

Treatment may include using other medications to treat hyperglycemia.

Some beagles require multiple courses of treatment to restore their glucose levels.

A beagle’s seizures can be minor or severe.

Minor seizures can appear as something the beagle is doing, such as sniffing, yawning, or sleeping. These seizures are not dangerous, but they may be uncomfortable.

A beagle may also have a severe seizure. These seizures are not dangerous, but they may cause the beagles to convulse or shake.

Both types of seizure are very serious and require veterinary care.

Treatment of seizures in beagles

Treatment of seizures is dependent on a number of factors, including:

  • The size and location of the seizure
  • The dog’s age
  • if the seizure is a behavioral issue, or if the seizure is due to pain or injury
  • if the seizure is not responding to treatment, then it may be necessary to perform an emergency surgery
  • other symptoms, such as an irregular heartbeat rate
  • if the seizure is causing the dog to have a diminished quality of life

Other complications of hypoglycemia in Beagles

Hypoglycemia is not usually deadly. It is usually treatable, and a beagle will recover if treatment is started early enough.

In the United States, most dogs do not need to receive insulin to treat hypoglycemia.

However, some beagles need insulin to prevent dangerous blood glucose levels.

Once the Beagle has reached a normal blood glucose level, the veterinary doctor may give the dog glucagon, a glucagon shot, to protect them from a dangerous drop in blood sugar levels.

Some breeds, including the Doberman pinscher and English bulldog, can develop hypoglycemia, even with a normal glucose level.

Antibiotics may be given to treat hypoglycemia in these breeds.

Prevention of hypoglycemia in Beagles

Using a variety of techniques, including feeding an all-protein or casein diet and monitoring blood sugar levels, can help to prevent hypoglycemia.

Tips to prevent hypoglycemia include in beagles:

  • Consistent feeding of less carb food
  • keeping food and water bowls clean
  • feeding the beagle small amounts frequently
  • keeping the Beagle away from high-carbohydrate foods
  • avoiding cold beverages and keeping food out of the heat
  • giving the Beagle a second meal
  • keeping a close eye on the beagle’s body temperature
  • treating any new health problems

Post-hypoglycemia treatment in Beagles

Once a dog is experiencing hypoglycemia, it is essential to give them the insulin and glucagon they need.

This can cause them to have a drop in blood sugar levels.

Once the hypoglycemia has been controlled, the dog’s blood glucose levels will rise to normal.

The most important thing is to get the dog’s glucose levels back to normal.

Once the blood glucose level has been restored, the veterinarian will ask the owner to give the dog a treat.

The treats may be any kind of treatment that the dog enjoys eating, such as cheese, a slice of bread, or treats that come in a variety of shapes and sizes, such as small carrots and big cheeses.

How common are seizures in beagles?

The prevalence of beagle epilepsy is estimated to be between 0.5 – 5-7 percent. This means that as many as 1 in 20 beagles may experience a seizure in their lifetime.

Saying goodbye to hypoglycemia in Beagles

Beagles may need some time to recover from hypoglycemia.

If the beagle begins to have new seizures, then it is time to get another round of insulin and glucagon.

Finally, always stay in touch with your vet, and report when you notice funny behaviors.

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