What Do Guinea Pigs Eat [Helpful Tips]

What Do Guinea Pigs Eat
What Do Guinea Pigs Eat

Are you curious about what to feed your furry little friend? Guinea pigs are adorable pets that need proper nutrition to lead a healthy life.

In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at the question “What Do Guinea Pigs Eat?” and provide some helpful tips, so you can keep your guinea pig well-fed and happy.

So, let’s get started!

The Basics of a Guinea Pig’s Diet

The only thing guinea pigs eat is plants because they are herbivores.

Hay, pellets, fruits, vegetables, herbs, and vegetables should all be part of their diet.

To make sure your guinea pig gets all the nutrients it needs, it’s crucial to offer a variety of diets.

What Do Guinea Pigs Eat

Guinea pigs are herbivores and eat a variety of plant-based foods. Good-quality hay should make up most of their diet and they should always have it available.

Additionally, guinea pigs need access to fresh, well-washed, leafy greens or colored vegetables every day to help meet their nutritional needs.

Commercial pellets made specifically for guinea pigs can also be fed in limited amounts.

When choosing pellets, select a variety that is fortified with vitamin C, since guinea pigs cannot synthesize their own vitamin C.

It is important to avoid feeding guinea pigs food that is high in fat or sugar, as well as chocolate, caffeine, and alcohol.

A consistent, balanced diet is key to maintaining a healthy guinea pig.

Let’s break it down further…

1. Hay

The majority of your guinea pig’s diet should consist of hay as the foundation of every Guinea Pig’s diet.

The ideal kind of hay to provide is timothy, however, orchard grass or oat hay can also be used.

Hay aids in preventing overcrowding of the teeth in guinea pigs and is necessary for their digestive system.

Timothy Hay is a good choice get it on Amazon.

2. Pellets

Around 1/8 cup of pellets should be included in your guinea pig’s daily meal.

Be careful to select fiber and vitamin C-rich pellets. Steer clear of pellets that include seeds or sugar in them.

Try these guinea pig pellets from Amazon.

3. Vegetables

Around 10-15% of your guinea pig’s diet should include vegetables.

Leafy greens like romaine lettuce, kale, and spinach, as well as bell peppers, carrots, and cucumbers, are some healthy alternatives.

Give your guinea pig less calcium-rich veggies like broccoli and cauliflower.

4. Fruits

Fruits should only be offered seldom, once a week at most.

Apples, strawberries, and blueberries are a few excellent alternatives.

Fruits with a lot of sugar, such as bananas or grapes, should not be given to your guinea pig in large amounts.

5. Herbs

Your guinea pig’s diet can benefit from the taste and minerals that herbs can contribute. Basil, cilantro, and parsley are a few top choices.

6. Water

Ensure that your guinea pig has access to clean, fresh water at all times.

Instead of using a dish, use a water bottle to avoid spillage and contamination.

Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Guinea Pig

A guinea pig’s diet should exclude some items that might hurt them or upset their digestive system.

Sugary foods, chocolate, alcohol, caffeine, avocado, onions, and garlic, as well as rhubarb, are some of them.

Also, since they are not components of a guinea pig’s normal diet, dairy products, and meats should be avoided.

Feeding Your Guinea Pig on a Budget

By purchasing hay in bulk, selecting inexpensive pellet choices, and selecting less expensive seasonal vegetables and fruits, feeding guinea pigs may be done on a tight budget.

Also, you may save money by making your own treats from fresh food.

Signs of an Unhealthy Diet in Guinea Pigs

Weight loss or increase, dental issues, diarrhea, and lethargy are indications that your guinea pig’s food may not be balanced.

It’s critical to modify their diet and seek veterinary advice if you see any of these symptoms.

Tips for Picky Guinea Pig Eaters

If your guinea pig is a picky eater, try offering different foods in small amounts and changing up the presentation.

You can also try hiding new foods in their hay or pellets to encourage them to try them.

Related questions

What should I feed my guinea pig?

You should feed your guinea pig a diet that is rich in hay, fresh vegetables, fruit, and pellets.

Make sure to provide a variety of foods to keep your guinea pig healthy.

Can guinea pigs eat fruits and vegetables?

Yes, guinea pigs can eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. However, some items like spinach and iceberg lettuce should be given in moderation.

How much hay should I feed my guinea pig?

Your guinea pig should have access to hay at all times.

They should eat about 80% of their diet in the hay, which helps maintain their digestive health and dental health.

How often should I give my guinea pig pellets?

Make sure you give your guinea pig a limited amount of pellets in a day, typically 1/8 to 1/4 cup depending on their weight.

They should not solely rely on pellets as their primary food source.

Are there any toxic foods that guinea pigs should avoid?

Yes, there are many foods that are toxic to guinea pigs such as avocado, sweets, chocolate, and junk food.

Consult with a veterinarian or a credible guinea pig forum to ensure you provide only safe options.

Can guinea pigs eat grass?

Yes, grasses are a good source of nutrients and fiber for your guinea pig.

Make sure it is free from pesticides and chemicals and avoid mowed grass, which can be contaminated with oil and gasoline.


In conclusion, guinea pigs are adorable and fun pets to have, and their diet is an important aspect of their care.

By providing them with a balanced diet of hay, pellets, and fresh vegetables, you can ensure that they stay healthy and happy.

Remember to always consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns about your guinea pig’s diet or health.

By Samuel Steve

Samuel Steve has more than 12 years of experience with cats and dogs his the founder of Pet Creeks and currently living with 2 different breeds of cats and a dog, Samuel Steve is here to write and share his years of experience with pets.